As mentioned earlier, the limit for men is 24 grams of pure alcohol per day (about 0.6 liters of beer or 0.3 liters of wine or champagne or two double booze (2 x 4 cl).) Two to three days per week one should not drink any alcohol at all.
Males tolerate more than women, because they have a higher water content in the body than women and at the same time the fat percentage is lower. A male body decomposes about 0.15 per thousandth per hour. It takes at least three hours to 0.5 per mille are mined.
Men are at least twice as likely to be affected by alcohol as women. 4.8 percent of 18-64 year old men are dependent. Another 4.7 percent drink alcohol at a safe level, so one can speak of alcohol abuse.
Men who drink excessively are at particular risk: it can lead to impotence.
The limit for women is about 12 grams of pure alcohol (about 0.3 liters of beer or 0.15 liters of wine or sparkling wine or a double schnapps (4 cl).) Again, you should aim to abstain completely from alcohol on two to three days a week. If you drink more often, your body gets used to it.
A female body loses about 0.13 per mill per hour. Until e.g. 0.5 per mille, it takes about four hours.
Women who drink excessively are at great risk of becoming infertile and unable to have children. If you are planning a pregnancy, it is safer to completely abstain from alcohol, because in the first weeks of pregnancy, you do not know yet whether you are pregnant. For breastfeeding women, it is advisable to abstain from alcohol, as alcohol passes directly into the breast milk and thus harms the child.
Already little alcohol during pregnancy harms the unborn child in the womb.
Because of this, women should not drink alcohol at this time.
Even small amounts of alcohol during pregnancy are enough to harm the brain of the unborn child, because alcohol passes directly through the umbilical cord into the child in the womb. Since the unborn child’s nerves and organs are not yet fully developed, they are sensitive to alcohol and can not digest it yet. That’s why women should not drink alcohol at this time. Every year in Germany about 10,000 children are born who are harmed by alcohol. 2,200 of them have the so-called incurable “fetal alcohol syndrome”, i. they are mentally or physically disabled, a bad fate because they depend on help throughout their lives. These children need intensive support from professionals.
Risky is also drinking in old age.
Although there is alcohol abuse at any age, it is very dangerous especially in old age. Excessive alcohol consumption increases, e.g. the risk of the elderly falling, injuring themselves, or being in a confused state. Therefore, mindfulness applies here as well. An elderly person can tolerate less alcohol. If you drink the same amount as in your younger years, your blood alcohol level will be higher than it used to be. In addition, many people are dependent on medication in their old age, which can lead to unwanted and risky interactions between drugs and alcohol. Other age related gripes worsen when drinking alcohol, such as mental and physical fitness and concentration. Often one may feel dizzy, and the appetite is reduced. A problematic drinking behaviour of older people can be divided into two groups.
Generally, there are many who have rarely consumed alcohol in their youth and therefore rarely drink even in old age (especially older women).
There are two groups that have problems with alcohol:
- Those who started drinking at a young age and continue to do so
- People who become addicted at age due to changes and losses in life (partner / partner dies, no profession)
Older victims of alcohol addiction benefit particularly from a therapeutic treatment. Their lives become more liveable when they stop drinking, they feel physically and mentally fitter.